Synonym: One of the small, irregular bones found along the cranial sutures. The hip bone or os coxae, composed of the ilium, ischium, and pubis. One of the ossicles of the tympanic cavity: the malleus, incus, and stapes. The following terms are used to describe the walls of a cavity: A labyrinth refers to the bony labyrinth and membranous labyrinth, components of the inner ear, due to their fine and complex structure. They occur when the physical force … You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bone. The On-line Medical Dictionary: A flat bone, or one with two compact bone portions enclosing a center of spongy bone. . Fractures are common; the average person has two during a lifetime. And, as always, there is a review of suffixes and prefixes that can be used with any system. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The sesamoid bones protect tendons by helping them overcome compressive forces. Total Cards. Description. aponeurosis. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning.Pre means "before."  Foramina inside the body of humans and other animals typically allow muscles, nerves, arteries, veins, or other structures to connect one part of the body with another. Under hormone control, calcium content of bone is constantly increasing or decreasing. , A condyle is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint – an articulation with another bone. Some suffixes also signify medical … They are responsible for the body's height. Let's review all the medical terms we learned to help you remember them: A transverse fracture is a complete fracture that is at a right angle to the long axis of the bone. The trochanters are parts of the femur, to which muscles attach. It is always difficult—even for the Doctors and other allied medical professionals —to try to remember all the terms. Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. This is the main body including the pelvis, thorax, and skull (excluding the arms and legs). A fovea (Latin: pit) is a small pit, usually on the head of a bone. The plural form for medical terms ending in the noun suffix -um is -a. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. These bones form in tendons (the sheaths of tissue that connect bones to muscles) where a great deal of pressure is generated in a joint. The affected bone is returned to its normal anatomic alignment by manually applied force and then is usually immobilized to maintain the realigned position during healing. Created. The four types of word parts used to create medical terms are: word roots, combining forms, suffixes, and pre-fixes. A bone tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). The part of the maxilla bearing the incisor teeth. Bone. The end regions of a long bone; regions of secondary ossification. Embryonic or rapidly growing bone characterized microscopically by a prominent fibrous matrix. Long bones are found in the arms (humerus, ulna, radius) and legs (femur, tibia, fibula), as well as in the fingers (metacarpals, phalanges) and toes (metatarsals, phalanges). Undergraduate 1.  These are known as the medial and lateral malleolus. lists common preﬁ xes. The hyoid bone anchors and moves with the jaw, tongue, pharynx, and larynx. , The term “flat bone” is something of a misnomer because, although a flat bone is typically thin, it is also often curved. Q. Synonym: An abnormally calcified bone with a spotted appearance on a radiograph. 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