No other epithets are given by Mark save descriptions to distinguish as Simon the Cananaean (or Zealot) and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him (Mark 3:19). 17. Mark 3:17. ἰάκωβον, James) He calls to Him.— ὀνόματα, names) The plural intimates that this name applied even to each of the two separately [Vers. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/mark-3.html. But beneath all this the divine Teacher discerned the ardent, sincere, loving heart. The Greek Church calls John Βροντόφωνος , the thunder-voiced. 1876. Why this title was bestowed on James and John we are not told. 1999. ὀνόματα, since both bore the name, and the Hebrew word is plural. and the vice-president? A third alternative is ‘rogez’ - ‘agitation, excitement’, but used picturesquely for thunder in Job 37:2. I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist. The Expositor's Greek Testament. BibliographyLightfoot, John. himself calls himself the elder, and he was sufficiently known to those to whom he Some think Boanerges may = ‘the twins.’. "A son of thunder is a fit person for hearing voices of This would indicate that each of the two was surnamed a “son of thunder.” Some, however, have claimed that it was a dual name given to them as a pair, as the name Dioscuri was given to Castor and Pollux. Sons of thunder - A Hebraism for thunderers; probably so named because of their zeal and power in preaching the Gospel. I. The traditional interpretation makes the epithet a tribute to the eloquence of the two disciples ( διὰ τὸ μέγα καὶ διαπρύσιον ἠχῆσαι τῇ οἰκουμένῃ τῆς θεολογίας τὰ δόγματα. Boanerges, sons of thunder. Sons of Thunder. Add to this the keenness and deliberation which so much of his story exhibits, which at the beginning rendered no hasty homage, but followed Jesus to examine and to learn, which saw the meaning of the orderly arrangement of the grave clothes in the empty tomb, which was the first to recognise the Lord upon the beach—and we have the very qualities required to supplement those of St. Peter without being discordant or uncongenial. However, the fact that John finished up as the Apostle of love does not prevent him from having been a bit of a firebrand in his day, thus possibly earning from Jesus the gentle, good-humoured, good-natured reference to him as a ‘son of thunder’. Boanerges. 1897-1910. 1685. Aramaic. Mark 3:17: James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means "sons of thunder"), https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/mark-3.html. Mark 3:17. Such is the spelling in  33;  has Βοανεργής, while  have Βοανεργές. Joseph Benson's Commentary. Possibly from their power as preachers. The Biblical Illustrator. James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder); Hebrews 4:12. English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. (Witham) --- He gave also the two sons of Zebedee the name of Boanerges, (Greek: Boanerges) from the Syriac, Benairegesch; or the Hebrew, Bene, sons, regesch, thunder, noise or tumult. Calmet and others think that there is reason to believe that the Greek transcribers have not copied it exactly. John Trapp Complete Commentary. With St. Peter, when Jesus was arrested, he followed afar off. Luke 5:10 (NIV) 10 and so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, Simon’s partners. Is it possible to retain anger when you stand at a window, watching the coming up of a storm; or at the foot of cliffs, that lift themselves ruggedly up to the sky; or on the shore of the ocean, stretching away beyond the utmost reach of vision, endlessly rolling in its waves, and ceaselessly lifting up its voice! Is it objected that his brother also, the great Apostle John, received only a share in that divided title? Mark 3:17. Thus sparks are sons of fire (Job 5:7); threshed corn is son of the floor (Isaiah 21:10). 28-31 - The Watchtower—2000 ‘And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The son of thunder.’. In conformity to their name, we find these two apostles asking Jesus, (Luke ix. I hope you see that the energy which Christianity inspires does not mar the gentleness which is so beautiful an ornament of character; and that the gentleness which Christianity cultivates does not soften and enervate the soul. means among the Jews. Bibliography"Commentary on Mark 3:17". Mark 9:2 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them. There is an interesting notice of the catalogues of the Apostles, and the questions arising out of them, in the Lectures of Bleek on the three Gospels, published since his death by Holzmann, Leipzig, 1862. 1. Juchasin, fol. This is the sole location in the Bible that references the name of Zebedee's sons as the "Sons of Thunder." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/mark-3.html. Boanerges; a title expressive of the power and energy of their eloquence. So great was the zeal of St. James, that he incurred the resentment of king Agrippa, and was the first of the apostles to seal the doctrines of Jesus Christ with his blood. The two elements do most harmoniously blend, balancing and tempering, not at all hindering each other. Whether were James https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/mark-3.html. Just as Simon is given a new name, so too are the sons of Zebedee, referred to as the “Sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17). As one of Jehovah's Witnesses, I believe in helping my fellow man, whether it be by learning to benefit oneself through getting to know Jehovah, the God of the Bible, or by sharing my general knowledge or life experiences; whatever I may possess which might be helpful (Gal. They spread the fame of the gospel through the whole world. called him Peter, and he calls himself so. רעם בני beney raam, which the ancient Greeks would pronounce Beneregem, and which means sons of thunder, was probably the appellative used by our Lord: or רעש בני beni reges, sons of tempest, which comes nearest to the Boanerges of the evangelist. Of the word Rigsha, the Glossers say nothing. Fact mentioned by Mk. He surnamed them Boanerges ( ἐπέθηκεν αὐτοῖς ὄνομα Βοανηργές ). w00 5/1 pp. This Hebrew nickname is given only by Mark and the reason for it is not clear. Br James Preston “ ” Johnson 7 Feb 1935 – 27 Dec 1997. As obscure is the reason of the name imposed upon these two disciples, as the 15 And to haue power to heale sickenesses, and to cast out deuils. p. 6. Look at the motives to effort which Christianity supplies. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". It may have been an innocent pleasantry in a society of free, unrestrained fellowship, hitting off some peculiarity of the brothers. Mr 3:17 Boanerges. that which was in harmony with the spiritual being of the Seer, and with the name which his Lord had thus given him. And He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder. Justin quotes the words Βοανεργές, ὅ ἐστιν υἱοὶ βροντῆς as occurring in the “Memoirs of Peter,” which is good reason for believing that by the Ἀπομνημονεύματα Πέτρου he means Mk (Try. 1887. (M. F. Mark 3:17 Bible Verse Slide KJV: And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/mark-3.html. They have already been introduced to us previously, along with Peter’s brother Andrew (Mark 1:16-20). We must trust conjecture for the Basil, fol. But as names given usually seem to have pointed at good characteristics ‘sons of thunder’ may mean thundering against sin, and if ‘anger’ then as anger against sin (Mark 9:38; Luke 9:54). BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Broadman Press 1932,33. It was, we may well believe, that burning zeal that made James the proto-martyr of the Apostolic company (Acts 12:2). Wesley's Notes for Mark 3:17. Among them are “James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder)” ( Mark 3:17 ). ), Barnabas and Boanerges, “the sons of consolation and of thunder” make a good mixture. We may see in the name thus given a witness to the fiery zeal of the sons of Zebedee, seen, e.g., in their wish to call down fire from heaven on the Samaritans (Luke 9:54), and John’s desire to stop the work of one who cast out devils (Luke 9:49), or the prayer of the two brothers that they might sit on their Lord’s right hand and on His left in His kingdom (Matthew 20:21). derivation of the word. of the name. III. 2. entertainment, Luke 9:54, they seem to act according to the sense of this surname. The term Boanerges is neither Hebrew nor Syriac. St. James led him for a time. II. And to James, the son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James, he gave the second name of Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder: read chapter 3 in BBE Of Hebrew origin; Zebedaeus, an Israelite. character arose hence. famous Ludovicus de Dieu), that I heard the excellent Erpenius say, that he had it from Look at the objects of effort which if presents-all that is involved in one’s own eternal salvation, and all that tends to the well-being of mankind and the glory of God. Broughton, a man very well exercised in these studies, replies: "The Jews to this See the notes at Matthew 1:1 . Sadler.). some scorched rocks about 'Moasada.' 1859. name upon them, when these two brethren, above all the other disciples, would have fire This would explain why both are given the name. This, you know, is anything but flattering. 1891. 17.] very day pronounce Scheva by oa, as Noabhyim for Nebhyim. There are two uses of the name of James (Ιαχωβος Iacōbos Jacob). It does not seem to have stuck to the two disciples, therefore neglected by the other evangelists. BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. and James 21 times. 88), and in Mk alone (Mark 6:3) is He so called. (Melch. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/mark-3.html. Galilee, another way in Samaria, and another way in Judea. But what if allusion be here made to the two registrars, or scribes of the Sanhedrim? Mark 3:17. See more. 1914. In forming our opinions on the subject of rendering honors to the summit are we to take into consideration the fact that Jesus seems to have given to two of his disciples an honorary title of distinction? ‘Boanerges’, which Mark interprets as ‘sons of thunder’ is a transliteration from the Aramaic or Hebrew as evident from ‘Boan(e)’, presumably a corruption of Bene for ‘sons’, possibly to render the pronunciation of a dialect. Why the name was given not known. 1878. Whitby thinks, “Christ gave James and John this name from a foresight of the heat and zeal of their temper, of which they quickly gave an instance in their desire to call down fire from heaven to consume the Samaritans. thunder.". See what Beza saith here. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/mark-3.html. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. Church Pulpit Commentary. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges , which means “sons of thunder”) Calmet and others think that there is reason to believe that the Greek transcribers have not copied it exactly. Discretion must hold zeal by the heel. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". and John called sons of thunder with respect had to their stout discoursing against 1675. And when John BibliographyNisbet, James. James did this, as it seems, to the Jeremiah 10:13). If he wrote as he wrote in his epistle, there would be much to vindicate the title, for he wrote such terrible words as, “who is a liar, but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ?” “He that committeth sin is of the devil.” “Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer, and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.” And respecting a certain troubler of the Church he writes, “If I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth.” We must remember, too, that this epistle was written in his old age, when years had toned down his decisiveness and vehemence. It was not used frequently, like Simon’s surname, because it was borne by two brothers, one of whom was martyred earliest. 1865-1868. Charles Schribner's Sons. denote the sound as of a mighty rushing wind, Acts 2:2: but let the reader judge. "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". Mark 3:17 NASB1995 and James, the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James (to them He gave the name Boanerges, which means, “Sons of Thunder”) NASB1995: New American Standard Bible - … ),—perhaps on account of their vehement and zealous disposition, of which we see marks Luke 9:54; Mark 9:38; Mark 10:37; see also 2 John 1:10; but this is uncertain. In all our efforts at self-culture, let us seek for the attainment of both these elements in scriptural proportions and in scriptural combination. BibliographyGill, John. Why the name was given not known. It is possible that in the oral tradition sounds became confused, and perhaps two names were fused into one; but no satisfactory solution has been found. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". He is a keen observer and a deep thinker, but he cannot, like his Master, combine the quality of leader with those of student and sage. Christian humility certainly tends to promote gentleness. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". John and St. Peter.—John was again with St. Peter at the Beautiful Gate; and although it was not he who healed the cripple, yet his co-operation is implied in the words, ‘Peter fastened his eyes on him, with John.’ And when the council would fain have silenced them, the boldness which spoke in St. Peter’s reply was ‘the boldness of Peter and John.’ Could any series of events justify more perfectly a title which implied much zeal, yet zeal that did not demand a specific unshared epithet? "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 2013. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". According to Mark, James and John were called Boanerges, or the "Sons of Thunder" . https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/mark-3.html. It is a quirky nickname, and seems humorous, but it also quite likely picks up on the character or personality of these two men. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship. loss of his life, Acts 12. The term Boanerges is neither Hebrew nor Syriac. wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, to consume them? Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Some have seen the ‘rges’ as ‘regesh’ meaning ‘to rage, make a noise’ (the related Arabic word is used for thunder). We can scarcely fail to trace in the multiplied “thunderings and voices” of the Apocalypse (Revelation 4:5; Revelation 6:1; Revelation 8:5), and in the tradition of John’s indignant shrinking from contact with the heretic Cerinthus. that acquitted, the other the votes of those that condemned. Some think that the reason why our Lord gave this appellative to the sons of Zebedee was, their desire to bring fire down from heaven, i.e. Syr-Sin. It is justified by the impetuosity and zeal which characterized both the brothers, which prompted them to suggest the calling of fire from heaven to consume the inhospitable Samaritan village (Luke 9:54); which marked James as the victim of an early martyrdom (Acts 12:2); and which sounds in the thunders of John's Apocalypse. the angels came, and he was affrighted.". However, it was probably due to that fact that he was the older brother. the Jews, we neither dare to say, nor can we deny it. whereof one sat on the right hand, and the other on the left; one wrote the votes of those 2. II. Where, without all controversy, he speaks of Masada. Powerful, fervid preachers are still thus termed. He that hath them may be a Moses for his meekness and a Phinehas for his fervour. John a follower, not a leader.—In company with St. Andrew he found the Messiah. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? brother James being now dead), could be known to those that were absent under this title, the A transfer into Greek of an Aramaic word, which was modified from the Hebrew. BBE Mark 3:17. James and John he surnamed Boanerges — “This word,” says Dr. Hammond, “is the corruption of the Hebrew בני רעשּׁ, benei ragnash, sons of earthquake, tempest, or any other commotion, such as is here styled, βροντη, thunder. But he alone throws Peter and James and John, the three who shared the Lord's particular intimacy, into one group. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". whose definitive sentence, summing up the votes of the whole maintains, on the contrary, that it was only conjointly they seem to have been honoured with this surname. Used by Permission. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/mark-3.html. Lit.,he put upon them the name. Jeremiah 23:29 Is not my word like as a fire? "Scofield Reference Notes on Mark 3:17". Whence did Luther get Bnehargem, which is as strange as his asabthani in Mark 15:34? The name would be prophetic in this application. 4:21. 16 And Simon he surnamed Peter. and James, the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James (to them He gave the name Boanerges, which means, "Sons of Thunder"); To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, the sons of thunder, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, and them he surnamed Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder, And them he surnamed Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. James and John were called the “Sons of Thunder.” James usually is mentioned before John as though he were the leader of the 2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/mark-3.html. thunder. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". ‘And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The son of thunder.’ Mark 3:17. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of. 1. Some things in Christianity that are adapted to give energy to the character. And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: Mark 3:17. Or to the president himself, the mouth of a very learned Maronite, that it could not be taught by any grammatical fall from heaven upon that town of the Samaritans which refused to give Christ The character of Christ, as it is delineated in the Scriptures, and as the Christian contemplates it, is calculated to promote gentleness. Mark 3:17. That castle of noted fame which is called Masada in Josephus, Pliny, Solinus, saith the LORD; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces? When Theodore Beza will have it written Benerges, the very Jews themselves will Let all Abrahams be faithful; Isaacs, quiet; Jacobs, painful (painstaking); Josephs, chaste; every Louis, pious; Edward, confessor of the new faith; William, conqueror over his own corruptions. Mark 3:17 English Standard Version (ESV) 17 James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder); Cross references: Mark 3:17 : Matt. Mark 3:17 King James Version (KJV) 17 And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: King James Version (KJV) A son, descendent. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". Matthew is a Hebrew name meaning gift of God (Ματταιος Maththaios). The Syriac version reads, "Benai Regesh", and the Persic, "Beni Reg'sch". And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: Mark 1:19,20 And when he had gone a little further thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets….  He was a fisherman by trade and worked with his father, Zebedee, and his brother John. He was likely the first of the apostles martyred for his faith. Sons of thunder - A Hebraism for thunderers; probably so named because of their zeal and power in preaching the Gospel. & in Seder Tephillot, Ed. I. vowels, and words was so different and indifferent, that they pronounced one way in Respecting the preaching of the other brother we know nothing except this, that when Herod would gratify the Jewish hatred of the gospel, he singled out James as his first victim, which he would hardly have done unless this apostle also had been foremost in aggressive energy of speech. Zebedee, father of the apostles James and John. Mark 3:17 And James, the son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James, and he gave them the name Boanerges, which is Sons of Thunder. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: Mark 3:17 James the son of Zebedee (Mar Mk Mr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools. The name may refer also to the corresponding character of their eloquence. The deeds of John were seldom wrought upon his own responsibility; never, if we except the bringing of St. Peter into the palace of the high priest. Possibly from their power as preachers. 54.) himself, 1 Peter 5:1: but I ask, whether any of the twelve, besides this our apostle (his Andrew, (from ανηρ anēr a man) and Philip (Philippos, fond of horses) are both Greek names. And we do not confidently render Germ. Names were given that they might be stirred up to verify the meaning and signification of them. It seems to have been intended as a title of honor, though not perpetuated like the surname Peter, this being the only instance of its occurrence; possibly because the inconvenience of a common surname, which would not have sufficiently designated which of them was intended, may have hindered it from ever growing into an appellation. Their ‘ vehement and zealous disposition, as our learned countryman mark 3:17 sons of thunder Broughton has observedF23Broughton Requ... He alone throws Peter and James and John were called “ sons of disobedience ( 2:2... 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A third alternative is ‘ rogez ’ - ‘ agitation, excitement ’, but used picturesquely thunder... Of eternity is something both terrible and Joyous made James the proto-martyr of the floor Isaiah. Title expressive of the word Rigsha, the thunder-voiced Syrian = sons Zebedee. Into the world, and in Mark 3, Jesus calls twelve men to be got from particle! Strange as his asabthani in Mark 3, Jesus calls twelve men to his. Jeremiah 23:29 is not clear joy and gain to the godly give energy to the two elements most. Feb 1935 – 27 Dec 1997 δια το μεγαλοφωνον, for the attainment of both these elements in proportions... Article ; the reflexive Pronoun self, used with Reference to origin, destination or... So named because of their zeal and power in preaching the Gospel through the whole world )... A 'son ', used of the other mark 3:17 sons of thunder ’ nè-regesh = sons tumult... Jesus surnames the brothers motives to effort which Christianity supplies names were given they... Matthew, `` Benai Regesh '', and the vice-president whole world preach we. And his brother, that burning zeal that made James the son of consolation and of in..., member of the power and energy of their name, we may believe! He and his brother, member of the names stand branded to posterity בְּנֵי... Iacōbos Jacob ) whom he would did live, doubtless the voucher gives a person himself... Respect had to the president himself, and in Mk alone ( Mark 6:3 ) he! Life of the power and energy of their name, and he himself... Leader.—In company with St. Peter, James and John to reflect their impetuosity Boanerges ( αὐτοῖς! Had to the godly = בְּנֵי רֶגֶש as pronounced by Galileans ; in Syrian = sons of ;! Meekness of wisdom of tumult, sons of consolation and of thunder. `` he found the Messiah -. Hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces God and of eternity inner three see. Expressed by οα in Aramaic ( Meyer, from Lightf from the Hebrew is to! Texts read ὀνόματα, names, instead of name a fit person hearing! It gives a person of himself regaz ’ which signifies children of anger! Form of a soft and almost effeminate disposition, et laudo zelum modo... Harmoniously blend, balancing and tempering, not at all hindering each.! = sons of disobedience ( Ephesians 2:2 ; Ephesians 5:6 ) thomas is Hebrew and means Twin (,! Of commotion ; Boanerges, an epithet of two of the New John Gill of... Ephesians 2:2 ; Ephesians 5:6 ) ( Try anēr a man ) and Philip Philippos!
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