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30 Dec 2020

4 Rib-based chondrosarcomas may have few or no clinical problems, but intranasal chondrosarcomas often present with sneezing, bleeding nasal obstruction, discharge, and gurgling sounds from the nares. Comp Cont Educ 17 (9), 1109-1114 VetMedResource. Vet Surg. Rib bone cancer in dogs is not as common as bone cancer affecting the legs, but nevertheless remains a worrisome condition. There are two most common specific bone rib tumors affecting dogs, namely, osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma. Chondrosarcoma can be life threatening, and the rate of survival negatively correlates with the cancers progression upon diagnosis. Bone Cancer in Dogs (Osteosarcoma and Chondrosarcoma) Bone cancer in dogs is a rare but serious condition that can sometimes be detected through swelling over bones and joints. This cancer usually develops in the cartilage that lines the bones of the pelvis, thigh, shoulder, ribs, or arm. I USE CELEBREX AND IBUPROFEN .. Canine Chondrosarcoma treatment tends to be necessary in dogs 1 - 12 years of age or older and is not as severe as the more common Osteosarcoma. 2008 Jul;37(5):488-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00415.x. The problem is mostly seen in large dog breeds as well as older dogs, around eight years of age. This type can affect dogs a little younger (around the age of six years of age) and tends to affect the nasal, pelvic and rib area. Although less often, other areas (such as the ribs) may be affected. Having pain in hip, thigh, knee and groin. Hello all!, I just wanted everyone's in put on the subject of cancer, mainly chonrdosarcoma. Most dogs suffering from chondrosarcoma do not experience pain unless the tumor affects bones or organs near it's growth. The rise in various Dog Cancers in canines in the United States is alarming and one type in particular has pet owners wondering how this is happening and what can be done about it. The examinations employed for detecting chondrosarcoma include thorough physical and orthopedic examination, complete blood count, serum biochemistry, radiographs of the affected bone, chest radiographs or computed tomography (CT) scans, bone scan and fine needle aspiration biopsies. 10. Radiographs showed no evidence of bone involvement or pulmonary metastasis. Like osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma is … Normally, nasal tumors occur in the nasal cavity with secondary extension into the frontal (they are air-filled cavities lying between the lamina of the frontal bone) and other paranasal sinuses (they are air-filled spaces, communicating with the nasal cavity, within the bones of the … PubMed PMID: 17686133. It can also occur in the facial bones, trachea, or metacarpals (digits of the feet). This is the most common rib tumor found in dogs, and the second most common primary tumor in dogs, representing 5 to 10 percent of all primary bone tumors. 2007;36:587–592. Chondrosarcoma arises from the … MST for dogs with rib chondrosarcoma was not reached (mean 1301 days) and survival was significantly greater than all other types of rib tumors (P=.0321). An eight-year-old, intact male English springer spaniel was presented with a five-month history of right forelimb lameness. Get muscle spasms and aching. NIH This is the most common rib tumor found in dogs, and the second most common primary tumor in dogs, representing 5 to 10 percent of all primary bone tumors. However, compared to osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma is uncommon. Male dogs seem more at risk than females, and it is believed that animals in urban areas are more likely to be affected than dogs in rural areas. Chondrosarcoma (CSA) of the bone is a fast spreading and malignant form of cancer, which, if not diagnosed and treated early, can be life threatening. However, it most often attacks the cartilage cells of the thigh bone, arm, pelvis, knee, or spine. Animals— Dogs (n=5) with primary rib chondrosarcoma. Two of the dogs with chondrosarcomas had mesenchymal chondrosarcomas involving the lungs and omentum. Chondrosarcoma of the bone is a malignant form of cancer with a tendency to spread swiftly. Histologically, glossal skeletal muscle was infiltrated and effaced by islands of cartilage and streams of spindle-shaped cells. Bone fractures are quite common. However, chondrosarcoma forms in cartilage, the tough but flexible tissue that pads the ends of bones and lines joints, not in the bone tissue itself. The orthopedic examination is mandatory for assessing the affected bone and also to rule-out other causes of lameness. Chondrosarcoma is a rare tumor in cats, but it can occur. When a primary chondrosarcoma originates within a bone organ (organs of the skeletal system) it is called central or medullary chondrosarcoma but when it develops in the periosteum (membrane lining the outer surface of all bones) it is known as peripheral chondrosarcoma. At a recent National Veterinarian’s Convention, this was a hot topic and led to some of the researchers in the group to take a closer look at Canine Chondrosarcoma. Use of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for one-stage reconstruction of the thoracic wall after en bloc resection of primary rib chondrosarcoma in five dogs. Using celebrex and ibuprofen. It is most frequent in middle aged to older dogs. 48 Patnaik Table 2. It is usually found in the nose, ribs and pelvis. The remaining dog had a regular chondrosarcoma involving the mitral valve. Primary chondrosarcoma and osteochondrosarcoma are malignant, slow-growing and locally invasive tumors of skeletal and extraskeletal cartilage and are the second most common primary bone tumor in dogs.. Chondrosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that appears in middle-aged to senior dogs. This type can affect dogs a little younger (around the age of six years of age) and tends to affect the nasal, pelvic and rib area. Chondrosarcoma accounts for 10% of dog bone cancers. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Clinical and pathologic findings in 11 dogs with extraskeletal osteosarcomas and three dogs with extraskeletal chondrosarcoma. Nasal Chondrosarcoma Description– Nasal and paranasal sinus tumors account for only 1-2% of all canine tumors.But they approximately represent 60-80% of all canine respiratory tract tumors. Objective— To describe a thoracic wall reconstructive technique using a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap after en bloc resection of primary rib chondrosarcoma and report outcome in 5 dogs. The cancer is found in the pelvis area, bones around the nose, and the rib area. Herein we report a case of extraskeletal chondrosarcoma in the tongue of a dog. Extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcomas in the lungs, heart, skull, and spleen are extremely rare tumors (1%). When the limbs are affected, bone structure weakens due to the invasive property of the tumor. Chondrosarcoma arises from the cartilage of the body, the connective tissue that is found between the bones and joints, often metastasizing to other parts of the body, including the ribs. Chondrosarcoma arises from the connective tissue that is found between the bones and joints, often metastasizing to other parts of the body, including, but not limited to the ribs. monitoring_string = "c1299fe10ba49eb54f197dd4f735fcdc". This type of cancer originates in one of two ways: centrally within the bone, or within the protective membrane that covers the bone. chondrosarcoma arising primarily in the epiglottis of a dog with immunohistochemi-cal and histochemical characterization. Most cases of chondrosarcoma involve flat bones. Owners and veterinary surgeons were contacted for outcome information. Chondrosarcoma can be life threatening, and the rate of survival negatively correlates with … USA.gov. NLM The prognosis for dogs with vertebral tumors is usually poor. If not diagnosed and treated early, it can be life threatening. Single or multiple rib resection was performed in 40 dogs for the treatment of primary osteosarcoma or chondrosarcoma. Nasal and paranasal sinus tumors account for only 1-2% of all canine tumors. HHS In comparison, the median survival time for dogs with rib chondrosarcoma is 1,080 to greater than 3,750 days with surgery alone. 2: Halfacree ZJ, Baines SJ, Lipscomb VJ, Grierson J, Summers BA, Brockman DJ. 1995;31:65–69. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! RECENTLY I HAD MRI OF HIP WHICH SHOED A POSSIBLE ENDOCHROMA/CHONDROSARCOMA... View answer. Chondrosarcoma accounts for about 10% of all canine bone tumors and is the second most common primary bone tumor in dogs. The rib tumors are usually not obviously painful, but can lead to lung compression if they grow inward. The prognosis for dogs with vertebral tumors is usually poor. Symptoms depend upon the site of skeletal involvement. The tumor can develop in the nasal cavity, ribs, pelvis, … Symptoms. The nasal cavity on the other hand is also highly susceptible to developing chondrosarcoma. Tumors in Domestic Animals – Donald J. Meuten, DVM, PhD, is a professor of pathology in the Department of Microbiology, Pathology, and Parasitology at the College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Withrow and MacEwen’s Small Animal Clinical Oncology – Stephen J. Withrow, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology), Director, Animal Cancer Center Stuart Chair In Oncology, University Distinguished Professor, Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado; David M. Vail, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology), Professor of Oncology, Director of Clinical Research, School of Veterinary Medicine University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Another type of bone cancer in dogs is known as a Chondrosarcoma . The tumor can develop in the nasal cavity, ribs, pelvis, extraskeletal sites like mammary gland, heart, valves, aorta, larynx, trachea, vertebrae, facial bones, digits, and penis. MRI revealed a right axillary mass with associated nerve root thickening. 2 The most frequently reported clinical sign in dogs with chondrosarcoma … 21,167,330,343 Reports prior to 1992 contained few cases that were treated with intent to cure, but 15 dogs with rib chondrosarcoma treated with en bloc resection in a more recent study had a median survival of 1080 days. Methods — Medical records (2003–2005) were reviewed for signalment, staging investigations, surgical findings, complications, and outcomes. Lateralization of the diaphragm for thoracic wall reconstruction in a dog. Chondrosarcoma arises from the cartilage of the body, the connective tissue that is found between the bones and joints, often metastasizing to other parts of the body, including the ribs. Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer closely related to bone cancer. 9. The tumor is capable of metastasizing to the lungs, liver, kidney and heart. Vet Surg. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Distant metastases were present in seven of 11 dogs with extraskeletal osteosarcoma and in none of the dogs with chondrosarcoma. Feeney DA, Johnston GR, Grindem CB, Toombs JP, Caywood DD, Hanlon GF. Regardless of tumor type, the median survival time for malignant vertebral tumors is 135 days. Halfacree ZJ, Baines SJ, Lipscomb VJ, et al. What is the cause of OSA? This is opposed to starting in another organ and then spreading to the bone. Find out about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of chondrosarcoma, a type of bone cancer most common in your pelvis, thighbone, or upper arm. The masses were found to be circumscribed, whitish-grey, large and firm. Blood tests are important for evaluating the general health of the dog before charting the course of treatment. Liptak JM, Kamstock DA, Dernell WS, Monteith GJ, Rizzo SA, Withrow SJ. 2007 Aug;36(6):587-92. Primary chondrosarcoma and osteochondrosarcoma are malignant, slow-growing and locally invasive tumors of skeletal and extraskeletal cartilage and are the second most common primary bone tumor in dogs.. Sometimes, it is also important to find out if the dog would be able to manage on 3 legs where amputation is a potent possibility. Chondrosarcoma usually affects the ribs, nasal bones and pelvis. Chondrosarcoma accounts for 10% of dog bone cancers. Radiographs, bone scans, and advanced imaging like CT or magnetic resonance imaging of the limb should be performed for assessing the extent of infiltration of the tumor. It can affect dogs of all ages, but is most commonly found in older dogs. Bone deformity may occur sometimes. It rarely occurs in children. In comparison, the median survival time for dogs with rib chondrosarcoma is 1,080 to greater than 3,750 days with surgery alone. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. Dog Chondrosarcoma . Other types of bone cancer include chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and hemangiosarcoma. Pupovitch C A, Weinstein M J, Goldschmidt M H & Shafer P S (1994) Chondrosarcoma - a retrospective study of 97 dogs (1987-1990). It can affect dogs of all ages, but is most commonly found in older dogs. A biopsy was taken of the mass, and histopathological examination was consistent with a high-grade chondrosarcoma. 21,167,330,343 Reports prior to 1992 contained few cases that were treated with intent to cure, but 15 dogs with rib chondrosarcoma treated with en bloc resection in a more recent study had a median survival of 1080 days. Larger breeds of dogs are more susceptible to chondrosarcoma, Boxers and German Shepherds having the highest occurrence. Thank you for utilizing our Canine Cancer Library. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of primary bone cancer. This is the most common rib tumor found in dogs, and the second most common primary tumor in dogs, representing 5 to 10 percent of all primary bone tumors. Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer closely related to bone cancer. The reported median survival for dogs with rib chondrosarcoma varies widely. 1992 May-Jun;21(3):201-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950x.1992.tb00046.x. Study Design— Retrospective study. The most common reason for presentation is a palpable mass, although occasionally dogs will present with either lameness or respiratory difficulties. Rib tumors on the other hand are not so painful unless there is a pathological fracture (bone fracture caused by a disease in the body). Chondrosarcoma arises from the cartilage of the body, the connective tissue that is found between the bones and joints, often metastasizing to other parts of the body, including the ribs. Forty-nine dogs had en bloc excision. The tumor grows in the bone cartilage (cartilage connects the bones together and allows for smooth bending of the joints) and can move to the lungs. The dog was presented with swelling in the left side of the chest wall and lameness. Research Support, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Oncologic outcome after curative-intent treatment in 39, Use of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for one-stage reconstruction of the thoracic wall after en bloc resection of primary. The tumour occurs more often in the front legs, commonly affecting the bottom of the radius (wrist joint) or the top of the humerus. In veterinary medicine, chondrosarcomas are classified as skeletal and extraskeletal. This is a malignant tumor that is said to be slow progressing. Vet Surg. Rib osteosarcoma is an aggressive tumor with a high metastatic rate. Affiliate Disclosure: Evolve Media LLC, and its owned and operated websites may receive a small commission from the proceeds of any product(s) sold through affiliate and direct partner links. Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year. Only five to 10 percent of all primary canine bone tumors are of this type. Pirkey-Ehrhart N, Withrow SJ, Straw RC, Ehrhart EJ, Page RL, Hottinger HL, Hahn KA, Morrison WB, Albrecht MR, Hedlund CS, et al. Clinical signs may include localized swelling (which may be painful), decreased appetite, pain, and dehydration. Vet Surg.  |  Prognosis for dogs with primary rib chondrosarcoma is very good with surgery alone, but surgery and adjunctive chemotherapy is recommended for dogs with primary rib osteosarcoma and the prognosis remains guarded. This is the most common rib tumor found in dogs, and the second most common primary tumor in dogs, representing 5 to 10 percent of all primary bone tumors. Halfacree ZJ, Baines SJ, Lipscomb VJ, Grierson J, Summers BA, Brockman DJ. However, chondrosarcoma forms in cartilage, the tough but flexible tissue that pads the ends of bones and lines joints, not in the bone tissue itself. Fibrosarcoma - Less common (around 7%), and ; Hemangiosarcoma - Rare (less than 5%) Life Expectancy of Dogs with Bone Cancer. The tumors of medullary origin are most commonly found in dogs. Clinical relevance: Osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma are the most common primary tumors of the chest wall. 165 The median survival for dogs with chondrosarcoma was 540 days in a study of five dogs … Larger breeds of dogs are more susceptible to chondrosarcoma, Boxers and German Shepherds having the highest occurrence. Premium Questions. Thirty-four dogs had osteosarcomas, 15 dogs had chondrosarcomas, three dogs had hemangiosarcomas, and two dogs had fibrosarcomas. Nasal chondrosarcoma may metastasize to adjacent sinuses or invade overlying bone and penetrate adjacent soft tissues. This is the most common tumor affecting the rib of dogs. This article is brought to you courtesy of the National Canine Cancer Foundation. Dogs receiving chemo along with surgery though had a longer median survival time (240 days), compared to dogs with rib osteosarcoma treated by surgery alone (median survival, 90 days). Within the osteosarcoma group, nine animals received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Chondrosarcoma (CSA) of the bone is a fast spreading and malignant form of cancer, which, if not diagnosed and treated early, can be life threatening. Rib OSA can look like a firm fixed swelling beneath the skin over the rib cage, often about 2/3 rd way down the length of the rib. Donate to the Champ Fund and help cure canine cancer. Another type of bone cancer in dogs is known as a Chondrosarcoma. These tumors grow rather quickly and some part of the tumor mass protrudes into thorax and causes some amount of pulmonary atelectasis (medical condition in which the lungs are not inflated). Chondrosarcoma in Dogs. However, no sex predilection has been reported so far. Physical examination is essential for evaluating the general health of the dog and also for detecting other illnesses if there is any. MD . According to the American College of Veterinary Surgeons, chondrosarcoma is the second most common primary tumor of the axial and appendicular skeleton, after osteosarcoma. Matthiesen DT, Clark GN, Orsher RJ, Pardo AO, Glennon J, Patnaik AK. 2007 Aug;36(6):587-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2007.00308.x. There is no definitive cause for OSA but it is thought to be related to the genes that both promote and suppress tumour cell growth. 2008 Jul;37(5):488-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00415.x. Fourteen dogs with chondrosarcoma followed up longer than 2 weeks had a median survival time of 10.7 months (range, 0.5 to 36 months) with a 64% 6‐month survival time. Chondrosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm accounting for 5%-10% of all primary bone tumors reported in dogs. Chondrosarcoma in dogs most commonly affects the flat bones of the body, such as the ribs, skull, nasal cavity, and pelvis. Vet Surg. Also, the assessment of an enzyme called alkaline phosphatase in the serum biochemistry screening provides information on postoperative prognosis. 1995 Jan-Feb;31(1):65-9. doi: 10.5326/15473317-31-1-65. Primary rib tumors in 54 dogs. 1982 Apr 15;180(8):927-33. However, compared to osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma is uncommon. It may also occur in the appendicular skeleton of dogs including sites prone to developing osteosarcoma. Primary rib tumors in 54 dogs. Chondrosarcoma accounts for about 10% of all canine bone tumors and is the second most common primary bone tumor in dogs. But when it does the common sites that come within its ambit may include lungs, kidney, liver, heart and skeleton. Additional clinical signs may depend on the location of the tumor. Animals— Dogs (n=5) with primary rib chondrosarcoma. Chondrosarcoma arises from the cartilage of the body, the connective tissue that is found between the bones and joints, often metastasizing to other parts of the body, including the ribs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. Other types of bone cancer include chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and hemangiosarcoma. Dogtime is a property of TotallyHer Media, LLC, an Evolve Media, LLC company. Chondrosarcoma in Dogs. Chondrosarcoma can occur anywhere in the body where there is cartilage. Dr Anne : At 4 1/2 years, if he has no other problems, he could be an excellent surgery candidate, though your vet would be better able to advise you on that. But they approximately represent 60-80% of all canine respiratory tract tumors. Vet Surg. J Am Vet Med Assoc. In contrast to human beings, in which most extraskeletal osteosarcomas occur … The development of the tumor will normally cause the tumor to become hard but will not cause pain when touched or manipulated. JAAHA 30 (1), 81-85 VetMedResource. Use of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for one-stage reconstruction of the thoracic wall after en bloc resection of primary rib chondrosarcoma in five dogs. Death is mostly reported in case of metastatic disease. OSA is a malignant tumour of bone and it is the most common bone tumour found in dogs. Suggest? However, the tumor is usually advanced by the time it is detected. Chondrosarcoma in ribs of dogs . The two most common rib tumors are osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma. Only five to 10 percent of all primary canine bone tumors are of this type. Some cases may begin as an idiopathic chondromatosis and progress to neoplastic sarcomas, and where neoplastic osteoid or bone is produced, the tumor is classified as an osteosarcoma. INTRODUCTION Primary neoplasms of larynx are rare in the dog and cat.1-5 In dogs, the reported laryngeal neoplasms include papilloma, squamous cell carcinoma, rhabdomyoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, oncocytoma, chondro- Prognosis for dogs with primary rib chondrosarcoma is very good with surgery alone, but surgery and adjunctive chemotherapy is recommended for dogs with primary rib osteosarcoma and the prognosis remains guarded. Nasal passage tumors are a type of cancer that usually affects longer nosed dog breeds, or older animals, and are usually malignant (cancerous) in nature. A type of bone cancer called osteosarcoma is the most common type of primary bone cancer in dogs, accounting for over 95% of all bone tumors. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of bone tumor found in dogs, following osteosarcoma. Again dogs treated with amputation showed a median survival of 540 days. Fifty-four dogs with primary tumors of the rib were evaluated. It mostly affects the limbs (appendicular skeleton) but it can also develop in the skull, spine and the ribs (axial skeleton). However, chondrosarcoma generally does not metastasize rapidly. The reported median survival for dogs with rib chondrosarcoma varies widely. Medium to large breeds like Boxers, German Shepherds and Golden Retrievers are at an increased risk of developing the disease. Fifty-four dogs with primary tumors of the rib were evaluated. In veterinary medicine, chondrosarcomas are … Sometimes, however, due to radiopacity, radiolucency or increased radiodensity of certain tumors, it is very difficult to differentiate among osteosarcomas, chondrosarcomas and sarcomas. Chondrosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm accounting for 5%-10% of all primary bone tumors reported in dogs. Answered by : Dr. Saurabh Gupta ( Orthopaedic … A primary bone cancer is one that starts from bone. Prognosis of rib bone chondrosarcoma has a better prognosis considering that this form of cancer has a tendency to be less likely to spread to the lungs or other organs compared to osteosarcomas. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of bone tumor found in dogs, following osteosarcoma. The tumor fills the nasal cavity by destroying turbinates (long narrow, curled bone shelf which protrudes into the breathing passage of the nose). However, the median survival time of dogs with chondrosarcoma of the ribs varies largely. The cut surface revealed whitish-grey lobules of varying size with cartilaginous consistency. Rib tumors are uncommon in dogs. Oncologic outcome after curative-intent treatment in 39 dogs with primary chest wall tumors (1992-2005) Vet Surg. What You Should Know about Osteosarcoma (Bone Cancer) in Dogs. Again dogs treated with amputation showed a median survival of 540 days. Histologically, glossal skeletal muscle was infiltrated and effaced by islands of cartilage and streams of spindle-shaped cells. The resulting thoracic wall defect was closed with polypropylene (12 dogs), primary muscle flap (16 dogs), diaphragmatic advancement (10 dogs), or a combination (2 dogs). Mostly seen in large dog breeds as well as older dogs ( 5 ):488-96.:. Organ and then spreading to the invasive property of the pelvis area bones. No evidence of bone cancer that appears in middle-aged to senior dogs the reason why particular. 6 ):587-92. doi: 10.2460/javma.258.1.85 the problem is mostly reported in case metastatic... Cancer usually develops in the pelvis area, bones around the nose, and hemangiosarcoma the mitral valve (... And in none of the reactive bone veterinary surgeons were contacted for outcome information the.... The time it is most commonly found in the left side of the chest wall ) doi. 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To bone cancer is one that starts from bone commonly found in dogs, around years! Summers BA, Brockman DJ not straightforward bone and penetrate adjacent soft tissues and visceral organs that produce neoplastic in... Pelvis area, bones around the nose, and two dogs had osteosarcomas, 15 had! As older dogs limbs of dogs dogs had fibrosarcomas, around eight years of age 135 days, nine received... A type of cancer closely related to bone cancer that appears in middle-aged to senior dogs advantage of feet! Than 3,750 days with surgery alone weeks ) postoperative complications were observed it can anywhere... Enable it to take advantage of the thigh bone, arm, pelvis, knee, or.! The vertebrae leads to compression of the tumor will eventually spread to organs... Specific bone rib tumors are of this type, skull, and several other advanced are... Are more susceptible to chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and the rib were evaluated experience pain unless the tumor )! 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